月別アーカイブ: 2014年10月

【2014年11月18日】スライドと講演の夕べ「戦争と平和・命を考えた中央アジアの旅 核戦争防止国際医師会議アスタナ大会に参加して」をあさひかわ東地区九条の会が開催します 


日時 2014年11月18日(火)18時から
場所 道北勤労者医療協会一条クリニック3F(旭川市東光1条1丁目)
講師 萩原信宏氏(道北勤医協旭川医院院長)
参加費 200円


【2014年9月21日】講演会「生活を描いただけで監獄へ 旭川でおきた生活図画事件を語る」の英文レポートを掲載します

Jailed for drawing life pictures

Early in the morning on September 20th, 1941, three men suddenly appeared in the dormitory of Asahikawa Education College (the predecessor of Hokkaido University of Education, Asahikawa College). They handed Mr. Hishiya Ryouichi, 20-year-old college student, a piece of paper, on which “Violation of the Public Security Preservation Law” was written. This was the beginning of ‘the life drawing education case’. A teacher and six students of the fine art club were arrested for drawing pictures said to have enlightened class conflict caused by the police. They were accused of a thought crime.
A full 73 years later, two 93-year-old defendants, Mr. Hishiya Ryouichi and Mr. Matsumoto Goro, told an audience of 150 people in Asahikawa about their experiences. How were ordinary people arrested for violation of the Public Security Preservation Law?
‘Life drawing education’ was a type of fine art teaching practiced by Mr. Kumada Masago and his students. He had his students carefully consider their lives, choose themes and draw pictures to make their lives better. However, in those days the government, which had promoted war, didn’t allow such liberal education and oppressed them.
Mr. Kumada said that under realism one should draw pictures and reflect the reality of the time. “Draw yourselves, your family, your friends and people around you as they are. Draw working people, and especially their mental experiences such as pleasure, sorrow, anxiety and eagerness. Draw ideal lives.”
For example, Mr. Matsumoto drew a ‘record concert’, at which five students enjoyed music and conversation. Mr. Hishiya drew a ‘discussion scene’, in which two men talked eagerly over a book. The police told them that listening to foreign music was not allowed during war, and that learning through reading and discussion was not allowed because it promoted socialism, communism, and anarchism.
Mr. Hishiya and Mr. Matsumoto were jailed for a year and three months. As thought criminals they were put into solitary confinement. In winter it was -30 degrees Celsius and there was no heating. They had to endure boredom with nothing to do day after day. In the worst sanitary conditions, they had to face their solitude. Mr. Matsumoto said, “I wondered why I was there. I hadn’t violated any laws. I wanted to get out as soon as possible.” He was investigated and confessed that he’d had thoughts of communism for three months. “I felt as if it wouldn’t have made a difference no matter what I’d said.” So he confessed as the authorities directed.
The two men received sentences of one and half years in prison and three years’ probation. “The authorities appointed a lawyer for me. He advised me to confess as soon as possible. In this way, I saw for myself how false accusations are supported”, said Mr. Matsumoto. In fact, one of their friends died because of the severe conditions in jail.
In 1944, the two men registered for the draft. After the war, Mr. Hishiya took over his father’s gas company. Mr. Matsumoto pioneered land reclamation in eastern Hokkaido to grow crops. In this area few people were qualified to teach children. His neighbors asked him to teach at elementary school. He accepted their offer, and the Hokkaido board of education allowed him to teach at school. He taught at elementary school until he retired.
Mr. Hishiya started to talk about his experience after being interviewed by high school students in a school newspaper club about 30 years ago. He said, “I’m anxious about the privacy protection law enacted by the Abe administration last year. The authorities have an ability to get a handle on people. They might not understand what information there is to protect. As happened to me, some people might be arrested without knowing what they’ve done wrong. I’d like them to know about my terrible experience and to resist this current.”
Mr. Matsumoto is against the Abe administration for having forced the Cabinet to allow the exercise of the right to collective self-defense because the administration has changed the interpretation of the Constitution and will allow our country to fight against others. “As a soldier in the navy I experienced the Tokyo air raids. I was trained to shoot down combat planes. Once a battle breaks out, we can’t imagine how many lives might be lost. The authorities seem to have no imagination. After all, in wars people will kill others or be killed, so we should make our society mature through a peaceful foreign policy,” he concluded.
It is a fast rule that we should learn from the past in order to make our lives better. These words from Mr. Matsumoto appeal to us. We have to pass their lesson on to the next generation.

Yasuko Momono



桃野 泰子